''At least five human rights attorneys are currently imprisoned in the country for defending basic civil liberties under trumped-up charges.''

NASRIN SOTOUDEH

Nasrin is an Iranian human rights lawyer  and international law expert. She has represented imprisoned Iranian opposition activists, human rights activists, forced hijab protesters, child victims and child offenders on death row. 

In 2009 she won the European Parliament's Zakharov Prize for Human Rights and the Ludwig Terrarium Bar Prize. 

Nasrin was first arrested on September 4th 2010 and charged with conspiracy against national security, propaganda against the regime and being a member in Human Rights Defenders Association by Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran and sentenced to 11 years imprisonment and 20 years ban from leaving the country and 20 years ban from practicing law. The sentence was reduced to six years on appeal and the travel ban and suspension were each reduced to 10 years.

After her release her sentence of 10 years of suspension was not enforceable because it was not within the jurisdiction of the Revolutionary Court.  Therefore, the government pressured the Central Bar Association to suspend her license.  Her law license was suspended for 3 years by the disciplinary court of the Bar Association at the request of the prosecutor which led to her sit-in in front of the Bar Association.  Finally, the Bar Association's disciplinary court reduced the sentence to six months.

Nasrin got arrested again in June 2018 at her house in Tehran and was charged with "conspiracy against national security, propaganda against the regime,  membership in the Center for Human Rights Defenders, campaign against execution and the National Peace Council, encouraging people to corruption and prostitution and appearing in public without a Hijab.  Branch 28 of the Revolutionary Court was hold in absentia and sentenced her to 33 years and 6 months imprisonment and 148 lashes, including her previous sentence of 5 years in 2016. 

Nasrin Sotoudeh  was sentenced to a total of 38 and 6 months in prison and 148 lashes. She refused to appear in the court to protest the non-observance of the principles of a fair trial and also asked her lawyers not to appear in the court.

AMIRSALAR DAVOODI

Amirsalar Davoodi,  Iranian attorney who  has represented the cases of many political activists and is the founder and director of the Telegram Channel "Without Retouching", in which he presented his views and criticisms. 

He was arrested in 2018 and charges with “ Cooperation with hostile states through interviews with foreign networks, Propaganda against the government , Insulting government’s officials and Forming a group to overthrow the regime”. In 2019 he was sentenced to 30 years in prison, 111 lashes and two years of deprivation of social rights in Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran, and also has been fined with six millions . Amirsalar is serving his sentence in Evin prison right now.

 

 

MOHAMMAD NAJAFI

 Mohammad Najafi is an Iranian attorney  and a critic of the Iranian government. For defending his clients and his activism, he got arrested multiple times .  Seven cases have been filed against him in the general and Revolutionary courts on charges of:  Cooperation with hostile states through interviews with foreign networks, Propaganda against the regime, Association and collusion against national security, Spreading lies with the intention of disturbing public opinion, Disturbing public order, Insulting the leader and the founder of the Islamic Republic.

He has been sentenced to a total of 14 years and 10 months in prison and is serving his sentence in prison right now.

GITI POURFAZEL

Giti Pourfazel is an Iranian retired lawyer and human rights activist. She has represented many political and civil activists.  Giti was arrested in 2019 for criticizing the government and signing a letter along with 13 other women activists calling for the resignation of Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran. 

She was  charged with “Conspiracy against national security and Propaganda against the regime and sentenced to 6 years in prison.

PAYAM DERAFSHAN

Payam Derafshan is an Iranian attorney. He was arrested in 2020 for defending one of his clients and sentenced to 2 years and 6 months in prison . His sentenced was confirmed in Branch 36 of the Court of Appeals.  

Earlier In 2019 Payam was sentenced to 3 years imprisonment and 2 years deprivation of power of attorney in Branch 1 of the Revolutionary Court of Karaj for  "insulting the leadership." The verdict was reduced in the court of appeal but with the new conviction, the suspended sentence is also enforceable.

 

ALI SAKENI

 

Ali Sakeni is an Iranian lawyer who was arrested in 2020 for performing his professional duties in defense of one of his clients and charged with propaganda against the government in Branch 3 of the Saqez Prosecutor's Office.  Ali is released on bail pending trial.